For the past few years, competition has increased for several manufacturers and their suppliers. Customer expectations for higher customized products with shorter delivery times have increased supply chain complexity. Thus, obtaining or maintaining competitive advantage required organizations to offer a greater variety of products with multiple variant combinations. With the pull-based Just-in-Time (JIT) system, numerous variants had to be in stock at facilities stores. This would have greatly increased space, stock levels, inventory handling costs, and working capital.